Content moderation in the age of DSA
Since 2018, Serge Abiteboul has been a Member of the board of Arcep (French regulatory authority for telecommunications, post and press distribution). He is a researcher in computer science at Inria and ENS, Paris. He has been a lecturer at the École polytechnique, visiting professor at Stanford and Oxford University, and Affiliate Professor at the École Normale Supérieure de Cachan. He held a Chair at the Collège de France in 2011-12 and the Francqui Chair at the University of Namur 2012-2013. He co-founded Xyleme in 2000. He became a member of the Academy of Sciences of France in 2008. He was a member of the National Digital Council (2013-2016), and Chairman of the Strategic Council of the Blaise Pascal Foundation (2017-2021). His research focuses mainly on data, information and knowledge management, particularly on the web. Serge Abiteboul also writes novels, essays, and is the editor and founder of Blog Binaire of Le Monde.
Prabhat Agarwal is the Head of the ‘Digital Services (Programme Office & Societal aspects)’ Unit at the European Commission's DG CONNECT, responsible amongst other for regulatory initiatives such as the Digital Services Act and the Digital Markets Act (the latter jointly with DG Competition). Prior to joining the Commission, Prabhat Agarwal worked on micro and nano-technologies in the private sector. Prabhat Agarwal holds a PhD on Condensed Matter Physics from the University of Cambridge, and lives in Brussels.
Christine Balagué is Professor of Management at Institut Mines-Télécom Business School (IMT-BS), and founder of the Good in Tech research network (www.goodintech.org). Her research focuses on trustworthy artificial intelligence, responsible digital innovation and modeling technology users’ behavior. She is also member of the ARCOM experts group on online disinformation, member of the ethics committee of the Ministry of Armies, and member of the steering committee of Cap Digital (the french hub for digital and ecological transformation). She was previously Vice-President of Digital National Council in France and contributed to different key reports on digital transformation impact on society and economy for the french government.
Romain Badouard is Assistant professor at the Paris Pantheon-Assas University. His research mainly address content regulation on social media and internet governance. His last book, « Les nouvelles lois du web. Modération et censure » (Le Seuil) focuses on the democratic stakes of platforms regulation in Europe.
Manon Berriche is a PhD student in sociology at Sciences Po medialab and at the EURIP Graduate School for Interdisciplinary Research in Paris. Her research focuses on the reception of information in the digital age and aims to confront media discourse on "fake news" with the information practices of lay people by relying on mixed methods.
Constance Bommelaer de Leusse
Constance is the Executive Director of the McCourt Institute. She has more than 20 years of experience in digital policy and capacity building. She started her career working in the French prime minister’s services on information society issues. She then joined The Internet Society, the international NGO founded by Vint Cerf, the father of the internet. In her role of vice president of institutional relations and empowerment, she led the organization's international partnerships and policy work across stakeholder communities.
Frédéric Bokobza has been serving as Deputy Director General at the French Autorité de régulation de la communication audiovisuelle et numérique (Arcom – Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel until 2021) since 2016. Previously (2003-2016) he has been holding various managing positions in the fields of media, telecommunications and culture within the French Government’s administration. Before that he had been working as a senior consultant at the Boston Consulting Group’s Paris Office (2002-2003), after being in charge of several IT projects at the Ministry of Interior (1996-2001). Frédéric hold degrees from École polytechnique and Télécom Paris, two French engineering schools.
Dominique Boullier, sociologist and linguist, has been a university professor in sociology at Sciences Po since 2009. He has directed or created several research laboratories: Costech (UTC), the Lutin user lab (Cité des Sciences de Paris), and Lares (Université Rennes 2). He was in charge of the scientific coordination of the medialab at Sciences Po from 2009 to 2013. His current research focuses on the technical and institutional conditions of survival in digital worlds: Habiter le numérique (Théorie de l'habitèle) (forthcoming), comment sortir de l'emprise des réseaux sociaux (2020 Le passeur), Puissance des plateformes numériques, territoires et souveraineté (2022, Chaire de Sciences Po), Propagations (feb 2023, Armand Colin). He is concerned with equipping the social sciences with data science methods, focusing on digital traces, on the high frequency replications that circulate on social networks and on their power to act.
Julia CAGÉ is Associate Professor of Economics (with tenure) since 2021 and joined the Department in 2014. In 2018 she became the Co-director of LIEPP's "Evaluation of Democracy" research group. She is also a CEPR Research Fellow.
Jean Cattan est secrétaire général du Conseil national du numérique. Il a été le conseiller du président de l’Arcep après y avoir été chargé des affaires européennes. Docteur en droit public, il est également chargé d’enseignement en droit et régulation du numérique à Sciences Po Paris et à l’université Panthéon-Assas.
Grazia Cecere is Professor of Economics at Institut Mines Telecom, Business School, LITEM. She is research fellow at Université Paris Sud. She completed her Ph.D in Economics at the University of Paris Saclay (France) and the University of Turin (Italy). She holds her master from the College of Europe, Natolin in Poland. She was visiting researcher at SPRU, University of Sussex and ZEW, Mannheim. Her main research interests are digital economy and more particularly the economics of privacy, algorithms and machine learning, economics of mobile applications, and digital marketing. In 2019, she was awarded the 'Marie-Dominique Hagelsteen' prize for responsible advertising by the French professional regulation of advertising authority. She is scientific expert for the French Audiovisual Regulator, Arcom (2020-2024) and she is scientific evaluator for the INRAE (2020-2024). She obtained funding from numerous institutions, including grants and prizes from Institut DataIA (France), ANR (French National Research Agency), DAWEX (a French company) and the Social Science Foundation. She has several cooperation with researchers in the USA and in major European Institutions. She is on the board of the “Association Francophone de Recherche en Economie Numérique”.
Celene Craig is Chief Executive Officer of the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI), having taken up the post in June 2021. Prior to this appointment, she held the role of Deputy Chief Executive with the Authority since its establishment in 2009. With over 30 years’ experience in media regulation, she also worked with the BAI’s predecessors, the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland (BCI) and the Independent Radio and Television Commission (IRTC).
Valentine Crosset is a lecturer at Université de Genève and associate researcher at Sciences Po médialab. Her research focuses on the moderation of online content and on the governance of digital freedoms.
Bertrand du Marais
Judge Bertrand du MARAIS (ESSEC 1985; ENA 1989) is Counselor at the French Council of State (Conseil d’Etat) and Commissioner of CNIL, the French Data Protection Agency, in charge of International Affairs, e-Privacy and Competition Co-regulation.
Severine Dusollier is Professor of Intellectual Property in the Law School of Sciences Po, director of its research centre and Head of the Master in Innovation Law. She is involved in a McCourt-funded research project on the New Digital Rule of Law carried out by the Law School. From 2010-2014, she was the Director of the CRIDS (Research Centre in Information, Law and Society) at the University of Namur (Belgium). Recognised as an academic expert of copyright and IP, she has carried out research for WIPO, the Council of Europe, UNESCO, the European Commission and Parliament.
Jan Gerlach is a Public Policy Director at the Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit organization that hosts Wikipedia. He supports a team that advocates for legal protections for free knowledge and community-governed online spaces. Jan holds a PhD in Legal Studies from the University of St.Gallen (Switzerland) and has previously worked as the Executive Manager of the Research Center for Information Law in St.Gallen. He has also spent time as a Visiting Researcher at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and at the Berkeley Law School.
Charles Girard is Assistant Professor at the Philosophy Department of Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 and a member of the Lyon Institute for Philosophical Research (IRPhiL). He has written extensively about democratic theory, the public sphere and freedom of speech. Since 2019, he is leading the multidisciplinary research program "Freedom of Expression and Equal Participation" (EgaLibEx, Agence National de la Recherche)".
Dr Robert Gorwa (@rgorwa; @email@example.com) is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center. Robert works on platform governance, content moderation, and other transnational digital policy challenges. He received his doctorate from the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford and has held fellowships and research positions at the Centre for Democracy and Technology, the Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, and Stanford University's Project on Democracy and the Internet. His first book, on the global politics of platform regulation, is forthcoming with Oxford University Press.
Chris Gray is an author and activist, and advocates for policy-makers to better understand how moderation policy is formulated and implemented on the front lines, in order to make rules that are actually enforceable.
Rachel Griffin is a PhD candidate and lecturer in law at Sciences Po Paris. Her main interests are social media regulation, platform governance and digital justice, and her research draws on feminist legal theory, critical race theory and law and political economy. Her PhD project (supervised by Séverine Dusollier and Beatriz Botero Arcila) analyses how structural social inequalities are reflected in the content governance practices of major social media platforms, and the extent to which EU regulation of social media can address these issues.
Florence G'SELL is a professor of private law at the University of Lorraine and leads the Digital, Governance and Sovereignty Chair at Sciences Po. She began her academic career working mainly on tort law, judicial systems and comparative law. For the past several years, she has been working on digital law and in particular on issues related to the regulation of on line platforms, the way law can deal with new technologies (Blockchain, Metaverse), the notion of digital sovereignty and, more generally, digital policies in the EU and the US. She has edited and published several books on digital issues, including Le Big Data et le Droit (Dalloz, 2021) and Justice Numérique (Dalloz, 2022). Recently, she published « Les réseaux sociaux, entre encadrement et auto-régulation » (Sciences Po, Digital, Governance and Sovereignty Chair, 2021), "AI Judges" (in Larry A. Dimatteo, Cristina Poncibo, Michel Cannarsa (edit. ), The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Global Perspectives on Law and Ethics,Cambridge University Press, 2022), and co-authored the Council of Europe report entitled "The Impact of Blockchains for Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law" (with Florian Martin-Bariteau, 2022). Florence G'sell is a graduate of Sciences Po and holds the French "agrégation de droit privé et sciences criminelles". She has been invited several times at the University of Chicago and, more recently, at Stanford University. At Sciences Po, she teaches the course "Comment pensent les juristes" to undergraduate students and the course "Comparative Approach to Big Tech Regulation" in the Master of Public Policy of the Sciences Po School of Public Affairs.
Sergei Guriev is the provost and a professor of economics at Sciences Po. He is a former Chief Economist of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. His recent publications include “Spin Dictators: The Changing Face of Tyranny in the 21st Century”, “Political Economy of Populism”, and “3G Internet and Confidence in Government”.
Emeric HENRY joined the Department in 2009 and is Professor of Economics. He is also a Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). He was the Scientific Director of the Master's and PhD in Economics programmes at Sciences Po from 2013 to 2019. Emeric Henry is a microeconomist, using theory, experimental and empirical methods to study questions in law and economics. His research interest include economics of innovation and political economy. He regularly publishes in internationally recognized journals such as the Journal of Political Economy, and the American Economic Review, as well as in more specialized reviews - the American Economic Journal: Micro/Policy, Management Science, JEEA, PlosOne, PNAS... In 2009 he was awarded the "Chaire d'Excellence Junior" by the French National Research Agency - the Agence Nationale de la recherche (ANR). Along with another permanent faculty member of the Department (Yann ALGAN), Emeric HENRY was awarded the "Deutsche Bahn Prize" for outstanding research in organization and management. He was also a Fullbright and Schultz Scholar. In 2021 he was awarded an ANR and a McCourt Grant.
Daphne Keller directs the Program on Platform Regulation at Stanford's Cyber Policy Center, and was formerly the Director of Intermediary Liability at CIS. Her work focuses on platform regulation and Internet users' rights. She has published both academically and in popular press; testified and participated in legislative processes; and taught and lectured extensively. Her recent work focuses on legal protections for users’ free expression rights when state and private power intersect, particularly through platforms’ enforcement of Terms of Service or use of algorithmic ranking and recommendations. Until 2015 Daphne was Associate General Counsel for Google, where she had primary responsibility for the company’s search products. She worked on groundbreaking Intermediary Liability litigation and legislation around the world and counseled both overall product development and individual content takedown decisions.
Kevin Limonier is an assistant professor in geography and Slavic studies at the French Institute of Geopolitics (Paris 8 University). He is also deputy director of GEODE (www.geode.science), which is one of the two Centers of Excellence chosen in 2020 by the Ministry of the Armed Forces to promote France's strategic succession. He is also scientific director of the Observatory of the Russian-speaking infosphere, a research structure dedicated to the analysis of post-Soviet digital spaces, and founding partner of the Cassini mapping firm (www.cassini.group). He is a lecturer in several courses on cybernetics (Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan ... etc.) and was for several years a lecturer at the Russian State University of Humanities (RGGU, Moscow).
Benoit Loutrel is a board member of L'Autorité de régulation de la communication audiovisuelle et numérique (Arcom), the French audiovisual media regulator, since early 2021. Previously, he worked on digital transformation for an internal advisory/consultancy of the French government. In particular in 2019, he led France’s experiment to regulate Facebook in fighting hate speech online. He is a former Director General of France’s Electronic Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (Arcep) (2013 to 2016), where he also worked from 2004 to 2010. In the interim, he set up a 4.5-billion-euro digital investment plan as part of France’s “Investissements d’avenir”. He previously spent eight years at the World Bank in infrastructure financing and was also director of public policy for Google France for a few months in 2017. He studied industrial economics and regulation at Ecole Polytechnique, ENSAE, and Toulouse School of Economics.
Inna Lyubareva received a PhD in economy from the University of Nanterre. Now she is Associate Professor of Economics and Social Sciences with accreditation to supervise research (HDR) at the Graduate Engineering School IMT Atlantique in France. Her research interests focus on digital transformations and data-driven technologies in creative industries and media. She develops original approaches using quantitative and qualitative methods at the interface between social science, statistics and computer science. The specific contributions of her research activity include: analysis of the dynamics of business model innovation and its strategic and policy implications; detection of latent social interactions on digital platforms and their impact on the users’ opinion and preferences. In case of the news industry, her research aims to understand how new strategies of media and informational practices of consumers come together to give rise to original issues of pluralism and quality of information in circulation.
Patrick Maillé graduated from Ecole polytechnique and Telecom Paris in 2000 and 2002, respectively. He has been with IMT Atlantique (formerly Telecom Bretagne) since 2002, where he obtained the PhD in applied mathematics in 2005, and the habilitation (HDR, Rennes 1 university) in 2015.
Leïla Mörch specializes in the digital transformation of the State, the challenges of content moderation and social media regulation, as well as the use of new technologies for public good. She previously coordinated a research project at Stanford University at the Content Policy and Society Lab, in search of more ethical moderating artificial intelligences that respect the framework of values and principles chosen by the populations concerned.
Sarah Nicole is a development coordinator at the McCourt Institute. Her expertise is in emerging technologies and cybersecurity. Previously, she worked for Huawei and Microsoft on these issues at the European level. As an emerging technologies analyst, she publishes reports on the future of cyberspace for the CyberPeace Institute and has written on the geopolitical race driven by quantum computing for France Digitale and Banque de France.
Paolo Papotti is an Associate Professor at EURECOM, France, since 2017. He got his PhD from Roma Tre University (Italy) in 2007 and had research positions at the Qatar Computing Research Institute (Qatar) and Arizona State University (USA). His research is focused on data integration and information quality. He has authored more than 100 publications and his work has been recognized with two “Best of the Conference” citations (SIGMOD 2009, VLDB 2016), three best demo award (SIGMOD 2022,2015, DBA 2020), and two Google Faculty Research Award (2016, 2020).
Sylvain Parasie is a professor of sociology at Sciences Po. Student of the Ecole normale supérieure, he gratuated in economics and social sciences. He was a lecturer and then a professor at the University of Paris Est/Marne-la-Vallée. Since 2010, his work has focused on how digital technologies are transforming the way people learn, debate and engage in the public space. He was particularly interested in how data displace established ways of producing and consuming journalistic information in the United States and France. His research also focuses on digital survey methods.
Jan Penfrat is Senior Policy Advisor at European Digital Rights (EDRi), where he leads the organisation's work on platform regulation, including the Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act. He covers policies related to disinformation, hate speech, and surveillance-based advertising. Before joining EDRi, Jan was a freelance technology reporter at the German IT magazine Golem.de where he covered internet regulation, IT security and open source software. He started his career as a policy consultant for the lobbying firm EUTOP and holds masters degrees in international relations and diplomacy from the College of Europe and in political science from Freiburg University, Germany.
Nathaniel Persily is the James B. McClatchy Professor of Law at Stanford Law School, with appointments in the departments of Political Science, Communication, and FSI.
Shaden Shabayek is a post-doctoral researcher at Université Paris-Saclay and associate researcher at SciencesPo Médialab. Her research revolves around the study of social networks by applying mixed methods, with a focus on opinion dynamics, disinformation and the study of content moderation policies of large platforms.
Anne-Sophie Taillandier is at the head of TeraLab at IMT since 2015. She has been appointed to the “Académie des technologies” since 2022. Her objective is to support companies in the adoption of new technologies in data and AI by implementing an ecosystem of researchers, innovative companies and startups and by providing sovereign, neutral and secure technologies.
Rebekah Tromble is Director of the Institute for Data, Democracy & Politics and Associate Professor in the School of Media & Public Affairs at George Washington University in Washington, DC. A political scientist by training, she teaches and conducts research on political communication, digital research methodology, and research ethics. She has particular interests in political discourse on social media, as well as the impacts of exposure to disinformation and abusive content online.
Joris Van Hoboken
Joris van Hoboken is an Associate Professor at the Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam and a Professor of Law at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB). Joris works on the intersection of fundamental rights protection and the governance of platforms and internet-based services. Previously, Joris worked at the Information Law Institute (ILI) at New York University Law School, the NYU Stern Center for Business & Human Rights and CornellTech. He obtained his PhD from the University of Amsterdam on the topic of search engines and freedom of expression (2012) and has graduate degrees in Law and Theoretical Mathematics. Joris was a member of the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy, and a member of the Transatlantic High-Level Working Group on Content Moderation Online and Freedom of Expression. At IViR, he is currently running the DSA Observatory project, with a focus on upcoming implementation and enforcement of the DSA and questions of access to justice and content moderation.
Clement Wolf is a technology policy and communications expert with over ten years of experience addressing online content issues. In his current role, he leads a team of subject matter experts that helps develop policies, products, and initiatives across Google and YouTube to address misinformation; combat influence operations; protect elections; and develop further dialogue with experts across civil society, academia, and government.
Célia Zolynski is professor of Law at the University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, director of the Master 2 degree “Digital law and creation”, co-director of the IP and IT Law Department of the Research center IRJS of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne and co-chair of the AI Observatory of Paris 1 (AIObS).